Abstract Art Paintings
In general terms, abstract painting breaks the monotony of realism and rejects the fact that painting should represent pragmatism. In the pre-World War II era, abstract art painters represented above all spiritualism or intellectualism, rejecting the twentieth-century motto of “art for art” and replacing realism with spirituality and rationality. In addition, with the advent of the era of technology, abstract art has become more important.
Painting as an art form has undergone several changes, especially during the twentieth century, in which the transition from figurative to abstract painting was the main feature of the era. The renowned painter Pablo Picasso is believed to have been the precursor of the shift from figurative to abstract painting. Picasso, together with George Braque, formulated a new pictorial representation known as cubism, in which artists represented an object seen from a different point of view.
Abstract painting took a new leap in 1911 with the creation of synthetic cubism and analytical cubism. These forms of cubism fragmented the subject in painting, for example, in analytical cubism, painters used crystalline geometry, while in synthetic cubism the subjects were small. Artists such as Piet Mondrian, whose paintings gave rise to the first non-figurative paintings or pure abstract art from 1914, were the pioneers of these forms of cubist painting. In the 20th century, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky pioneered non-figurative art.
In addition, in the 1940s, another form of abstract art called Abstract Expressionism emerged, in which the theory of expressionism was applied to abstract painting. The art form had an enormous impact on contemporary American artists, with New York becoming the center of Abstract Expressionism. Jackson Pollock in his action paintings used this technique of abstract expressionism in which he dripped, dropped, stained, or threw paint on the canvas to create an art object.
Abstract painting does not refer to any figurative reality, but represents real forms in a simplified or reduced form, creating an allusion to the original subject.